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Tag: ritual

Harvest Time

Harvest is called by many who follow a pagan tradition Lammas or Lughnasadh.

The name for Lammas derives from the Anglo Saxon ‘hlaf-maesse’ meaning ‘loaf-mass’, and this festival is very much celebrated as a festival of bread, beer and other things associated with the grain. This is said to be the first of three harvests. Beginning with the grain at Lammas time, it then leads onto harvesting of fruit around the autumn equinox, finishing up with the ‘meat harvest’ at Samhain.

Der Sommer by Abel Grimmer, 1607

In areas where the grain is already ripe enough to be cut, the traditions may include the story of John Barleycorn when celebrating and honouring the death of the Corn King. 

There are usually many games played around this time of year to challenge the local community. Holding a competition for traditional games can help bring excitement and fun for the younger children and also fun with the adults who choose to join in! 

As the harvest of grain, altars may be decorated with wheat sheaves and also with the end product of grain production- bread and beer. Using ears of corn or ‘corn dollies’ you can also enact the ritual of the Corn King dying to be reborn through symbolism. Depending on the mood of the performance, it will give attendees of the ritual a chance to think of their own relationship with death.

Another tradition that may be carried out at this time of year is the burning of the ‘wickerman’- a great structure, usually given a specific shape to represent. People offer their gifts and blessings to the wickerman to help bring life into their ventures, to let go of things that may hinder them; whatever they feel they have to give to the wickerman.

If you don’t have the space for a wickerman, another great option is to have a fire instead. This could be a simple, small fire for yourself or a larger bonfire for a group or community. It’s also a great thing to have if you are camping, etc. There will be many camps and pagan festivals around this time for celebrating Lammas/Lughnasadh, so this could be the perfect time to host or take part in a fire celebration. 

Within Paganism, a large celebration is centred around the cycles of life and death. We see it through the transition from summer to winter and back again, as well as the celebration of the sun and moon as they cycle through their phases or lengths. Lammas is just another of these transitions that we mark through celebration. Of course, as our farming methods have become almost completely machine based, many people no longer have that link to the land. When these celebrations were marked, the whole community would be involved in the harvest, as well as the sowing. There were no machines to do the work for them – it was all done by hand. So the first and last grains were especially important as marking a passage of sacrifice. 

Harvest in Provence by Vincent van Gogh, 1888

Although the farming practices are no longer done by hand, it is still important to honour and mark the occasion. Farming and import methods are now worldwide to the point that people don’t have to eat seasonally any more. You can get strawberries all year round. You can always get the ingredients you want. Some may argue that this is removing the traditional flow of the year, but it does make more things available to more people in the long run.

Colours associated with this time of year are many shades of green, along with shades associated with the sun and grains- yellows, oranges and other colours you’d like to associate with the time of year. 

Altars and Their Uses

Many people who practice paganism have an altar of some kind- even if that is not the intention.

A special place where you burn candles, maybe some incense, in an arrangement you like can be classed as a simple altar. The more mainstream religions sometimes set the impression that an altar can only be in a place of worship- this isn’t the case, and an altar can be anywhere- indoors, outdoors, temporary or permanent. If you practice ceremonies in a certain location, you may create a temporary altar under a tree, near a river, or simply some basic offerings and symbols in the centre of the ceremonial space.

Some people dedicate an entire room to magical workings and spiritual work, and there are places like this you can visit; one of these is the Goddess temple in Glastonbury. You can go there when it is open to meditate and enjoy the energies. There are also ceremonies sometimes held there too.

Ideal places for an altar

The answer to this is: anywhere! You may choose to use the mantelpiece of a fireplace, the top section of a chest of drawers or similar storage unit, a coffee table, or perhaps just the top of a small box you keep your magical tools inside. You may choose to dedicate a part of your garden if you have one, to your chosen deity or just for spiritual work. Wherever you choose to put it, and whatever you choose to utilise as a holder for it is entirely up to you- there is no specific rule to the set-up of an altar. Many people who work away from home a lot may also have a small travel altar, which can be carried in something as small as a matchbox if desired. This allows them to stay connected even when travelling.

Many altars have ritual tools on them; this could be a cup for libation, an athame for spell work, a wand, candles, space to burn incense and perhaps a representation of the God/Goddess or both. It may be that some people would want a ‘full’ altar, with everything they need for all occasions on. Some people may just want the things they are going to use for the specific ceremony or ritual included. Either way is fine, it’s up to the individual how they wish to use their sacred space.

The main thing to remember is that your altar is your main hub for spell work, meditation, ritual- many things associated with the ‘practical’ side of Paganism. Some may choose to only set up and use an altar at times of celebration; for example, the seasonal celebrations, whereas others will set up and always have their altar present.

Just remember some simple safety tips- not to use candles on or around material that is flammable and to never leave them or incense unattended, and if you rent your property, make sure first that you can burn candles and incense in the property- some smoke alarms are very sensitive, so it’s best to check instead of setting it off unexpectedly mid-ritual!

– Lotte

Offerings and Gifts

Many people and groups like to make offerings to the circle or directly to the chosen deity or spirit. 

This could be as a gesture of thanks for attending the ritual, giving praise and real recognition for the changing of the seasons. An offering can be any manner of thing- people from all over the world give offerings to each other in the form of gifts, many countries also hold huge ceremonies for a chosen deity where people bring many offerings to venerate them, to give thanks for their support and their challenges.

Sacrifice is also another practice associated with giving something up- cutting of bread, a libation- whatever you feel is right personally to give up as an offering to a chosen cause. The sacrifice of grain can symbolise the coming of Lughnasadh or harvest celebrations.

Herbs are also often burned as either as an offering or as part of a spell or ceremony. Many herbs have their own spiritual significance and care should always be taken when burning as some may be toxic in that state. If in doubt about the herb, it may be a safer alternative to find an incense stick or cone that has a similar energy to the herb you wanted to use without the dangers of being toxic. It can also be handy to know that some herbs can actually bring on a miscarriage or menstrual cycle, so it’s always a good idea to speak to someone who is trained as to which herbs may be harmful to the human body.

An offering is above all your way of giving thanks- working with a chosen deity or spirit over time can be beneficial if you choose to do so, and reciprocating their help with offerings may make that relationship last longer- it’s also seen as the ‘right’ thing to do- fair exchange, etc.

So what to offer?

If your ceremony or ritual is outside and you are going to be leaving your offerings, consider leaving something natural that can biodegrade on its own and isn’t harmful to the natural environment. If an offering is of a beverage such as mead, milk, wine, ale, juice, etc, these can be poured onto the ground. Be aware of leaving things like small cups of beer or honey outside though as these are commonly used to trap outdoor mini-beasts like slugs, snails and bees. Some herbs can only be burned outside and some can be burned indoors, depending on the ritual or ceremony location. Always check before using herbs whether they can be burned in or outdoors- or at all in some cases. Incense can be burned inside or outside, and you can get special outdoor incense sticks. If you need protection from biting insects, citronella incense or candles can be great at warding them off- they hate the smell! It’s also far nicer to use something that deters them rather than something which will kill them like flypaper.

If your ritual is going to be indoors, make sure all of the tools and offerings you intend to use during the ceremony are safe to use in the area you are practising. It’s not wise to have candles on or near flammable surfaces or items, and some properties, especially rented ones, will have a mention in their tenancy agreement that they do not allow the burning of candles and similar in the property. It’s always a good idea to make sure you’re allowed to do things, especially if the property does not belong to you.

It’s not always in a longer ceremony or ritual that you may feel you want to give an offering. When taking parts of a plant or tree, many people like to give a small offering- perhaps a small amount of freshly baked bread or cake near the location the items were taken from. Some people also have prayer ties which they will hang from a tree to ask for a certain prayer or wish to be granted. It’s always wise to not tie these on too tightly- sometimes if the ties are too tight, the branch may lose its supply of nutrients and eventually die. Many people see all exchange as being an equal exchange- the tree or plant has used energy in order to grow that leaf, flower or other items, so to give something in order to say thank you make sense. Perhaps a small rodent like a shrew will pop along later on and nibble on your offering- always helping out the little spirits is a good thing!

If you are unable to get to a ceremony or a location where you feel you can give offerings, simply having some bird feeders in your garden may be considered as your way of saying thank you. Providing a food source for many of the songbirds is vital, especially coming up to the winter ahead, so if you feel you can help them out, it could be as simple as that. Some people who don’t have a garden, but have a large window they can get to will have a window bird feeder. These can be fantastic to learn about the local bird population, as they are usually clear plastic holders so you can see them visit. Do bear in mind that they will most likely see you too- so be careful not to scare them off!

An equal exchange is something that many pagans like to live by and it covers all paths- everything we do, say or use has consequences.

– Lotte

Photos by Artem Bali from Pexels.

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